Instruction for Authors

Polish Annals of Medicine (Pol. Ann. Med.) is an international, scientific journal that publishes full-length original papers, clinical research, case studies on medicine and related disciplines, as well as reviews concerning medical and related issues, all corresponding to international standards. Pol. Ann. Med. can publish sponsored articles, compliant with the criteria binding scientific papers. Pol. Ann. Med. publishes advertisements.

General information
All papers should not exceed 10 standard pages (18 000 characters). The paper submitted for publication should be accompanied. All authors of the paper should be listed with their contribution indicated. The paper should be accompanied by a following statment: “I, the author of this paper, state as follows. The article has been prepared in compliance with patients confidentiality rights and ethical issues in clinical and animal research”.
The Editors have the right to correct and shorten the paper. Any major changes in the text will be discussed with the Author(s). After the paper has been reviewed and accepted for publication, the Author is obliged to send the corrected version of the article. The electronic version can be prepared in any word editor which is compatible with Windows software.
1. Conflict of interest
Declaration of interest
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors must disclose any interests as a summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file (if double-blind). If there are no interests to declare then please state this: 'Declarations of interest: none'. This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted. 2. Detailed disclosures as part of a separate Declaration of Interest form, which forms part of the journal's official records. It is important for potential interests to be declared in both places and that the information matches.
Journal follows COPE guidelines.
Journal acts according to the COPE Best Practice Guidelines

2. Informed consent and patient details
Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the Owner on request. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.
Please also refer to COPE guidelines

3. Human and animal rights
If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed.
Journal acts according to the COPE Best Practice Guidelines


Preparation of manuscripts
The paper should be prepared according to American English linguistic norms. Measures should be given in the SI units.
The paper should be laid out as follows: full name and surname of the author(s), TITLE OF THE ARTICLE, affiliation.
Abstract min. 200 words, max. 250 words. It should follow article structure and summarize all elements of
the paper.
Key words (max 10 words).
The paper should contain the following strustural elements: INTRODUCTION, AIM, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, REFERENCES. Because of a different nature of case studies, it is acceptable to replace MATERIALS AND METHODS with the heading CASE STUDY. In case of overview papers the following structure is acceptable: INTRODUCTION, AIM, DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, REFERENCES.
At the bottom of the first page one the following should be given: academic degree/ professional title
of the author, name and surname of the author, detailed address for correspondence as well as phone
number, fax and e-mail address.

Editorial regulations
While using the abbreviation, for the first time, it should be given in brackets after the full name. Figures should be attached as separate graphic files. At the top of a table the following should be written: “Tab.” and table number in Arabic figures, then the title of the table. Any other additional explanation should be given under the table. Under a figure, the following should be written: “Fig.” and number in Arabic figures, description and possible explanation.
In the text of the paper a reference should be quoted as follows: [2, 3, 6, 10–14]. References should be listed in an citations order with numbers at the end of the paper. Names of all authors should be given. The titles of publications written in a language other than English should be given in both original and English (see example below). The following schemes are acceptable:

– printed papers (papers that have not been already printed should be accompanied with a phrase
[Forthcoming] placed after volume number)
Nowak J., Wiœniewski D.: Brain strokes. Pol. Ann. Med., 2008; 7(3): 23–27.
Juozaityte E., Juodžbaliene E. B., Boguševièius A.: Kruties vezys [Breast cancer]. Vaistu žinios, Vilnius 2004.
Kowalski I. M., Protasiewicz- Faldowska H., Józwiak-Grabysa D., Kiebzak W., Zarzycki D., Lewandowski R., Szarek J.: Environmental factors predisposing to pain syndromes among adolescent girls with diagnosed idiopathic scoliosis. J. Elementol.,2010; 15(2) [Forthcoming].

– printed books (with author or editors name)
Swiderska M.: Zgoda pacjenta na zabieg medyczny. Toruñ 2007: 19, 37.
Albrecht G. L., Seelmann K. D., Bury M. (eds.): Handbook of Disability Studies. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, 2001.

– electronic sources (of papers ):
Edgar M.: Brace Wear Compliance [Internet]. [Scoliosis Research Society], 2003 [accessed: 1 May 2010]. Available from:

– databases
Lithuanian Cancer Registry [online database]. Cancer Registration Department of Institute of Oncology, Vilnius University,
[last update: 18 January 2008]. Available at:


Editorial Board